Bronze Doors of the Baptistry per Florence

Bronze Doors of the Baptistry per Florence

The Baptistery of St John the Baptist (Battistero di San Giovanni a Firenze) immediately onesto the west of the Cattedrale is one of the oldest buildings per Florence. It is durante per Florentine Romanesque style, sometimes also described as proto renaissance. The baptistery was already completed around per century before construction of the cathedral started.

The current baptistry mediante Florence was erected mostly during the late 11th and early 12th centuries. It probably replaced an older baptistry that according indiancupid sicuro legend was built on the foundations of verso Roman temple dedicated esatto Mars. Mars, the Roman god of war, was the male protector of Florence and symbolized by per lion that is still one of the symbols of the city – the Marzocco. (Donatello’s lion is in the Bargello Museum with per copy con front of the Accompagnamento Sorpassato.) The female deity was Flora, who gave the city its name and the lily (iris) as emblem. She was incorporated into the Christian tradition by giving the cathedral the name of St Mary of the Flower.

Exact dates from the early history of the baptistery are only known from major events, or when significant payments were necessary for building and decoration rete informatica. Pope Nicholas II consecrated the baptistery durante 1059 but it is unknown if the current building was already fully in use at that stage.

The baptismal font from Santa Reparata, over which the present Duomo was erected, was moved into the baptistry per 1128 – all Christian children born mediante Florence were baptized here until the 19th century. The lantern was added around 1150 but that is often enough done only years after the rest of per church was completed. The entrance porch was changed from verso half-round sicuro its present rectangular shape sopra 1202. Since then, the structure of the baptistry remained basically unaltered.

Architecture of the Battistero

The floor plan of the baptistry con Florence is verso simple octagon, which was traditional for baptistries, and verso small rectangular apsis on the western end. The north, east, and south sides have famous sculpted bronze doors.

The structure is sandstone but the building was clad from the beginning with white and green panile and duomo, in nessun caso pink is used.

The dome cannot be detected from the exterior. Its lower parts are covered by the external walls of the third story while the culmine is covered by a flattened pyramidal roof of seppure white marble slabs. Inside, the drum of the dome is formed by the lower two floors of the external walls.

On completion, the diameter of the dome was at 25.6 m the largest for any baptistery per Italy. However, the Battistero in Pisa, constructed between 1152 preciso 1394, now is the largest baptistry mediante Italy with its dome having a diameter of 34 m and an impressive height of 55 m.

Visitors step down when entering the baptistry. The building didn’t sink through the centuries, the plaza was raised per the early late 13th century onesto create a flat surface level with the surrounding streets. Leonardo da Vinci suggested raising the baptistery in one piece with pulleys to counter the sunken aspetto but nothing ever came of that pensiero.

The baptistry has three pairs of ceremonial bronze doors – all were originally installed on the east side facing the cathedral but moved sicuro make space as newer, more artistic doors were produced. The doors mediante use are copies – the originals are now inside the Duomo museum.

Pisano Doors (South)

The oldest doors are now on the south entrance. These Gothic doors (1330) were made by Andrea Pisano, who was also responsible for many of the panile. These doors have 28 rectangular panels with scenes attrezzi in verso quatrefoil frame.

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